Welcome to Safety 2018 World Conference

5th - 7th November 2018 at BITEC Bangna, Bangkok

Login Contact

Child Safety

Associate Professor Adisak Plitponkarnpim, MD
Child Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center (CSIP)
Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Rama VI Road,
Bangkok, 10400, Thailand

Trends in overall child injury mortality

Overall, there were 45,570 injury-related deaths among children 1 to 14 years during 2000 to 2013, accounting for 37.8% of all deaths. During this period, Thai GDP steadily increased, while the proportion of people in poverty decreased. At the provincial level, all provinces experienced an increase in gross provincial product per capita.

The overall injury mortality rate of children ages 1 to 4 declined 34%. Among children ages 5 to 9, the injury mortality rate declined 16%. Among children ages 10 to 14, the overall injury mortality rate increased 12.0%.

Trends in drowning

There were 19,238 drowning deaths among children ages 1 to 14 years from 2000 through 2014, accounting for 43.2% of all injury-related deaths. 78.5% of drowning deaths occurred in children younger than 10 years of age. Among children ages 1 to 4 and 5 to 9 years, drowning mortality rates in male children were approximately two times higher than in females, while among children 10 to 14 years, male and female children experienced almost the same risk. During this period, drowning mortality rates among children ages 1 to 4 presented a marked declining trend (-41.6%), while drowning among children ages 5 to 9 declined only -1.2%.

Trends in road traffic mortality

Overall, there were 14,723 road traffic related deaths, accounting for 33% of all injury deaths. Road traffic mortality (RTM) ratios between males and females of 1 to 4, 5 to 9, and 10 to 14 years were 1.8, 1.8, and 1.9 respectively.

During 2000 to 2013, RTM among children ages 1 to 4 declined 25%. Among children ages 5 to 9 years, RTM declined 27.3%. In contrast, RTM among the 10 to 14 age group increased 12.9%.